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Eirenis modestus sbsp. modestus (MARTIN, 1838)
Distribution in Armenia
Altitudes: Araks basin: 1600-1900 m a.s.l. Kura basin: 375-1000m a.s.l.
Administrative regions: Arax basin: Shirak, Aragatsotn, Kotayk, Ararat, Vayots Dzor, Syunik, Kura basin: Tawoush
Habitats: Rocklands and stonelands covered by phryganoids, shiblyak, puniper or oak woodlands.
Global distribution
Israel, Syria, E Turkey, Greece (incl. Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Kalymnos), Daghstan (S Russia), Armenia, E Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran.
Food: Arthropods, mollusca
Enemies: snakes, birds, large lizards
Known trend: No objective data available (presumably threatened)


Aghasyan A.L., 1996. The Fauna of Snakes of Armenia and Nakhichevan. PhD Thesis authoreferat, Yerevan, 34 pp.

Ananjeva, N.B., Orlov N.L., Khalikov R.G., Darevsky, I.S., Rjabov S.A., Barabanov A.V., 2004. Atlas of Reptiles of Northern Eurasia, "Ivan Fedorov" Print, St. Pererbourg, Russia, 230 pp.

Chernov S.A., 1939. [Herpetological Fauna of Armenian SSR and Nakhichevan ASSR] // Zoological Papers, Vol I, (Transactions of Biological Institure, Vol. III). Edition of Armenian Brunch of The USSR Academy of Scienecs, Erevan, 1939, pp. 77-194. (In Russian)
Darevsky I.S., 1957. The Fauna of Reptiles of Armenia and Its Zoogeographical Analysis. PhD Thesis, Yerevan, 468 pp.

Esterbauer (1985) Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34
Broggi (1978) Salamandra 14 (4): 161-171
Schmidtler (1993) Spixiana, Mnchen 16: 79-96
Schmidtler (1997) Salamandra 33 (1): 33-60
Engelmann etc. (1993) Lurche Kriechtiere Europas.
Schmidtler etc. (1993) In: Bhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I.
Perack (1975) Aquar. Terr. 22: 354-355.
Steward (1971) The Snakes of Europe.
Martin (1839) Proc. Zool. Soc. (London) 1838: 69, 82
Boulenger (1894) Catalogue Snakes, Vol. II.
Boettger (1876) Bericht des Offenbacher Vereins fr Naturkunde 1876: 58
Schneider (1983) Salamandra 19 (1/2): 61-70
Kasparek (1990) Salamandra 26 (2/3): 155-164
Schmidtler (1988) Salamandra 24 (4): 203-214
Kasapidis etc. (1996) Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
Bischoff (2002) Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
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