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Phrynocephalus helioscopus Pallas, 1773
sbsp. persicus de Filippi, 1863

Distribution in Armenia
Global distribution

Body lenght: (cm)

Altitude ranges:(m above sea level)

Araks basin: 800-1100

Kura basin: -


Tail lenght: (cm)

Admin. districts:

Araks basin: Ararat, Armavir, Yerevan (extinct)


Regions/ Countries

Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, NW China (W Xinjiang) NE Iran, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, NW Mongolia S-Russia (Astrakhan and Volgograd regions), Tajikstan, Turkey, Turkmenstan, Uzbekstan.

Mass 0.03 - 7.8 (g)
Habitats: Semideserts with sandy and stony grounds

Chromosome No

2n =

Conservation Status
National Red List
Burn Convention
Complex: Helioscopus
Subgenus: - Known trends: Not objective data is available (presumably threatened)
Genus: Phrynocephalus Food: small arthropods
Subfamily: - Enemies: snakes: (Malpolon mospessulanus, Platyceps najadum, Eryx jaculus, Telescopus fallax), lizards: (Eremias strauchi), Birds: (Lanius ssp.); Mammals: (Vulpes vulpes, Canis familiaris, Felis domesticus, Homo sapiens)
Family: Agamidae

Food/site competitors: Lizards (Eremias strauchi, Eremias pleskei), Birds: ()

Site competitors: Man (Homo sapiens)

Infraorder: Sauria Pathologies:
Order: Squamata Diseases:
Classys: Reptilia  

Key references:


Ananjeva, N.B., Orlov N.L., Khalikov R.G., Darevsky, I.S., Rjabov S.A., Barabanov A.V., 2004. Atlas of Reptiles of Northern Eurasia, "Ivan Fedorov" Print, St. Pererbourg, Russia, 230 pp.

Aslanyan A.V., 2004. An Ecologo-Faunistic Analysis of The Lizards of Armenia. PhD candidate thesys. 172 pp.

Chernov S.A., 1939. [Herpetological Fauna of Armenian SSR and Nakhichevan ASSR] // Zoological Papers, Vol I, (Transactions of Biological Institure, Vol. III). Edition of Armenian Brunch of The USSR Academy of Scienecs, Erevan, 1939, pp. 77-194. (In Russian)
Darevsky I.S., 1957. The Fauna of Reptiles of Armenia and Its Zoogeographical Analysis. PhD Thesis, Yerevan, 468 pp.

 Engelmann etc. (1993) Lurche Kriechtiere Europas.
Pallas (1771) Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., St. Petersburg, 504pp.
Eichwald (1831) Zoologia specialis.
Boulenger (1885) Catalogue of the Lizards Vol. I.
Gmelin (1789) In: Linnaeus: Systema Naturae, 13th ed.
Bedriaga (1907) Wiss. Res. Przewalski Central-Asien untern. Reisen 3, Zool., Abt. 1, Lief. 2: 207
Kashtchenko (1909) Annuaire Mus. zool. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 14: 122
De Filippi (1863) Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. (Genova) 2: 387
Mhely (1894) Zool. Anz. (Leipzig) 17: 79
Frynta etc. (1997) Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
Clark etc. (1966) Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Science 55: 1-9
Mertens (1952) Rev. Istanbul niversitesi fen Fakltesi Mecmuasi, 17:41-75.
Bischoff (1978) Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202
Lambert (2002) Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13
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Last updated 07.01.2007.

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